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        去年4月,北京市人民政府外事辦公室的專家顧問到朝陽區CBD、西城區金融街進行檢查,發現這些地區普遍設立了英語標識,但其國際化、準確率仍有待提升。

        Do not glissade when you see a sign in a washroom telling you to "Slide carefully!" as it actually means "Caution wet floor!"

        在衛生間看到“Slide carefully”這樣的標識千萬不要想著表演芭蕾滑步,因為它的意思其實是“地滑,小心”。

        Likewise, do not look for a bowl when a bank sign asks you to "wait outside a rice noodle". Instead, search for a yellow line, or "one-meter line," which is spelled the same as "a (serving of) rice noodle" in Chinese.

        跟上面那個一樣,在銀行看到“wait outside a rice noodle”這樣的標識也不要去想著去找個碗來。其實,你得找一條黃線,或者“一米線”,它和“米線”的字是一樣的。

        In order to make the city a more foreigner-friendly place, Beijing is in the midst of a colossal clean-up of the hilarious, ubiquitous English mistranslations known as Chinglish.

        為了讓城市對外國人更友好,北京最近在大量清理那些到處都有的搞笑英語雷翻譯,一般也叫作中式英語。

        Chen Mingming, executive vice president of the Translators Association of China and advisor to the correction campaign, said: "Translations of public signs not only help foreigners, but their quality also shapes the image of a city."

        中國譯協執行副會長,本次糾錯活動的專家顧問陳明明表示:“公共場所標識的翻譯不僅能幫助到外國人,標識的翻譯質量也塑造著城市形象。”

        Some mistranslations were a result of verbatim translations such as a shop sign that reads "name smoke name liquor" (branded cigarette and liquor) on Beijing's shopping street Wangfujing, while some others stumbled at polysemantic Chinese words like an emergency exit whose English translation sign reads "export"(export and exit share the same word in Chinese).

        有些翻譯錯誤是因為字對字的直譯,例如說北京購物街王府井的一個商店標識“name smoke name liquor”(名煙名酒),另外還有一些讓人讀不順的標識是用到了多義的中文詞,比方說有一個緊急出口的英文翻譯是“export”(export和exit的中文字是一樣的,都是“出口”)。

        Zhang Qian, vice head of the office, said signage of private businesses where owners often resort to the Internet for quick solutions, have formed a new citadel for wrong translations.

        北京市人民政府外事辦公室副主任張謙表示,私營企業的老板往往在網上翻譯他們的標識,出成品快,因此也就多出了一大堆錯誤譯例。

        不少企業和商家設立了英文標識,但或許是出于成本的考慮,許多標識的翻譯看起來都是辣眼睛的機翻。上面這些Chinglish讓人捧腹不已,為了海外游客的方便,改正它們是很有必要的。另外還有一些在非應試場合出現也無傷大雅的中式表達,因為它們的易用性,而成功普及開來,最終得到權威的認證。去年10月,”Add Oil”(加油)這個由中文“加油”直譯而來的短語就被英語世界號稱最大最全的《牛津英語詞典》收錄。

        Add oil is an expression that has gained a lot of currency in Hong Kong in the last few years. A literal translation of the Cantonese phrase ga yau, it is used by Hong Kongers as an exclamation expressing encouragement or support.

        “Add oil”是近幾年香港人廣泛使用的一種表達方式,它是粵語“ga yau”(加油的粵語發音)的字面翻譯,是表達鼓勵或支持的感嘆詞。

        在此之前,long time no see(好久不見)和no can do(不可以)也被OED收錄。當然,漢語與英語的碰撞不只是上面這些,許多漢語詞匯也在千百年來經由絲綢之路或者海上航道進入到了英語,有些詞匯甚至成為了日常必需。

        文章來源:中國日報英語點津

        圖片來源:高品圖像

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