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        當前位置: 發現  >  BBC隨身英語  > 正文

        隨身英語

        The rise of esports 電子競技的熱潮

        近年來,有一項特殊的運動正在掀起熱潮,那就是 “電子競技”。電子競技尤其適合玩電腦游戲時好勝心強的人。技巧高超的玩家還可以通過這項運動賺錢。你知道電子競技日益興盛背后的原因嗎?《隨身英語》探討這類 “運動” 為什么會成為一大經濟產業。

        Vocabulary: gaming 詞匯: 玩電子游戲

        There are many ways we can enjoy sport – watching it on TV or a smartphone, attending an event at a stadium or even playing the game. But for those who enjoy getting competitive with their computer gaming, there are realistic-looking games with lifelike graphics to be played without leaving home. It’s this type of sport – if that’s what we can call it – that has become big business. And interest in it has gone to a new level.

        Initially, grabbing a joystick or controller and playing a game was a solitary activity. But around 20 years ago computers became cheaper and the internet became faster, which made it much easier for more people to get involved with computer gaming. This led to gamers connecting with each other around the world, so they could go head-to-head online. It also became a spectator sport, with people watching others play. The whole experience has been given the name ‘esports’ – electronic sports.

        Now, huge esports tournaments take place all over the world in big arenas with large crowds. Die-hard enthusiasts, who have become first-rate players, are now well-known - some play together in teams. Its top stars can earn millions of dollars a year, without even breaking into a sweat!  And fans from around the world tune in to watch the action online. The global audience is now estimated at more than 200 million and growing. Annual revenues from esports, currently around 650 million dollars for events, continue to rise with billions more generated through video games sales.

        Famous football clubs are now trying to get in on the action. England’s Football Association for example launched its first esports team this year, known as the eLions. It recruited Fifa 19 players to represent them at the inaugural Fifa eNations Cup. Mark Bullingham, the FA's chief commercial and football development officer, said "The FA prides itself on being a modern, innovative organisation that strives to engage and inspire all generations of football fans."

        But while this virtual version of football might give aspiring footballers a chance to get closer to the real game, some might argue the lack of physical activity means it shouldn’t be called a sport – and the biggest winners are the companies who promote and sell esports.

        詞匯表

        competitive 好勝的
        lifelike graphics 栩栩如生的圖像
        joystick (電子游戲)操縱桿
        controller 手柄
        solitary 一個人的
        gamer 電游玩家
        head-to-head 正面交鋒的,短兵相接的
        spectator sport 觀賞性運動
        esports 電子競技
        tournament 錦標賽
        die-hard 狂熱的,“鐵桿”的
        first-rate player 一流玩家
        revenue 收入
        get in on the action (為獲利)加入這一行列
        inaugural 首屆的
        innovative 創新的
        inspire 激勵、啟迪
        virtual 虛擬的
        physical activity 身體活動

        測驗與練習

        1. 閱讀課文并回答問題。

        1. What is it about modern computer games that make them look so lifelike?

        2. How did faster internet connections help develop the growth in esports?

        3. In which ways, mentioned in the article, is money made from esports?

        4. True or false? England’s FA has recruited Fifa 19 players for its football team.

        5. Why might some people not call this type of gaming a sport?

        2. 請在不參考課文的情況下完成下列練習。選擇一個意思合適的單詞填入句子的空格處。

        1. My son is very ______, he always plays cricket to win, not just for the fun of the game!

        competition           competing                          competitive                        competing

        2. We hope you can make the ______ meeting of our book club – we hope it will become a regular event.

        inaugural              innovative                           solitary                              gamers

        3. It’s very exciting – my football team are going ______ with the current champions. Let’s hope we beat them!

        head-on-head       heading                              head-to-head                    heads-to-heads

        4. I am a ______ fan of the TV series Friends. I have all the DVDs and binge-watch them from time to time.

        solitary                 virtual                                  die-hard                            spectator

        5. I started a band with my friends but now my girlfriend wants to ______ and be the lead singer!

        get acting            get off on the action             go in on the action            get in on the action

        答案

        1. 閱讀課文并回答問題。

        1. What is it about modern computer games that make them look so lifelike?
        The lifelike graphics make many modern computer games look realistic.

        2. How did faster internet connections help develop the growth in esports?
        Faster internet connections meant gamers could connect with each other around the world, so they could go head-to-head online.

        3. In which ways, mentioned in the article, is money made from esports?
        Revenue (money) is made from hosting esports events and from selling video games.

        4. True or false? England’s FA has recruited Fifa 19 players for its football team.
        False. England’s Football Association recruited Fifa 19 players to represent them at the inaugural Fifa eNations Cup – not a real football tournament!

        5. Why might some people not call this type of gaming a sport?
        Some might argue the lack of physical activity means it’s shouldn’t be called a sport.

        2. 請在不參考課文的情況下完成下列練習。選擇一個意思合適的單詞填入句子的空格處。

        1. My son is very competitive, he always plays cricket to win, not just for the fun of the game!

        2. We hope you can make the inaugural meeting of our book club – we hope it will become a regular event.

        3. It’s very exciting – my football team are going head-to-head with the current champions. Let’s hope we beat them!

        4. I am a die-hard fan of the TV series Friends. I have all the DVDs and binge-watch them from time to time.

        5. I started a band with my friends but now my girlfriend wants to get in on the action and be the lead singer!


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